Located in South Asia, Vietnam is bordered by China to the north, and Laos and Cambodia to the east. The country's southern and eastern coastline is on the South China Sea.


Population: 92 million (2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Kinh (Viet) - 85.7%, Tay - 1.9%, Thai - 1.8%, Muong - 1.5%, Khmer - 1.5%, Mong - 1.2%, Nung - 1.1%, others - 5.3%
Languages: Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages
Religions: Buddhist - 9.3%, Catholic - 6.7%, Hoa Hao - 1.5%, Cao Dai - 1.1%, Protestant - 0.5%, Muslim - 0.1%, none - 80.8%


Vietnamese Population:
In Canada: 180,125
In the GTA: 56,095
In the City of Toronto: 23,885

Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
Mississsauga, Brampton, Vaughan, Richmond Hill, City of Toronto (Ward 42 Scarborough Rouge River, Ward 7 & 8 York West, Toronto York)

Vietnam gained independence from France in 1954. However, this was followed by decades of war until the North and South reunited under the Communist Party in 1975. The Marxist economics, combined with the war the preceded it, had severe negative impacts on the Vietnamese economy. In 1986, reforms were put in place to make the economy more market oriented. Today Vietnam has one of the fastest growing economies in the world, but poverty reduction and job creation are still important priorities. Freedom of religion is constitutionally guaranteed in Vietnam, but this freedom was greatly reduced by new regulations in 2005, which required religious groups to register with the government. Most churches have been denied registration and have faced harassment and even persecution. Hundreds of Christians - including Christian leaders - are in prison for their faith.

Map of Services and Churches in the GTA: 

Social and Settlement Services in the GTA

Vietnamese Association, Toronto (VAT) 

Downtown office
1364 Dundas Street West
Toronto, ON
M6J 1Y2

Phone: 416-536-3611
North York office
3585 Keele Street, Unit 13
Toronto, ON
M3J 3H5

Phone: 416-636-8887

Churches in the GTA

GTA Vietnamese Community Church
650 McNicoll Avenue at Young Nak Korean Presbyterian Church
Scarborough, ON
M2H 2E1

Phone: 416-627-6546

Agape Vietnamese Alliance Church
300 Steeles Avenue East at Bayview Glen Church
Thornhill, ON
L3T 1A7

Phone: 416-833-9904

Toronto Vietnamese Alliance Church
63 Dunblaine Avenue
Toronto, ON
M5M 2S2

Phone: 416-658-1620

Association of Vietnamese Alliance Churches in Canada Facebook page


BBC News. (2014, May 15). Vietnam profile. Retrieved July 10, 2014, from

Central Intelligence Agency. (2014, June 20). The World Factbook: Vietnam. Retrieved July 10, 2014, from

Encyclopedia of the Nations. (n.d.). Vietnam. Retrieved July 10, 2014, from

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2009, October 15). Cultural Information - Vietnam. Retrieved July 10, 2014, from 

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2011, December 15). Overview - Vietnam. Retrieved July 10, 2014, from

Prayercast. (n.d.). Vietnam. Retrieved July 10, 2014, from

Statistics Canada. (2007, April 11). The Vietnamese Community in Canada. Retrieved July 10, 2014, from

Vietnamese. (2009). In T. L. Gall & J. Hobby (Eds.), Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life (2nd ed., Vol. 4, pp. 1025-1032). Detroit: Gale.
Retrieved July 16, 2014, from