The United Kingdom is a collection of islands in northwestern Europe. England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland together make up Great Britain. The United Kingdom is separated from mainland Europe by the English Channel, but the two are connected by the Channel Tunnel, which opened in 1994. The UK's head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, the longest reigning monarch, but much of the day-to-day governing is delegated to the parliament.
Population: 64.4 million
Ethnic Groups: White (87.2%), Black/African/Caribbean/Black British (3%), Asian/Asian British: Indian (2.3%), Asian/Asian British: Pakistani (1.9%), Mixed (2%), Other (3.7%)
Religions: Christian (59.5%), Muslim (4.4%), Hindu (1.3%), Other (2%), Unspecified (7.2%), None (25.7%)
CIA: The World Factbook - Last Updated July 11, 2017
In Canada: 11,211,845
In the GTA: 1,287,260
In Toronto: 597,295
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
King, Caledon, East Gwillimbury, New Market, Aurora, Halton Hills, Milton, Oakville, Mississauga, Uxbridge, Georgina, Pickering, Ajax, and the City of Toronto.
Although the UK lost its place as the world's top power after World War II, it continues to have a significant amount of international influence due to its political and cultural power. The UK has hit quite hard by the recent economic recession beginning in 2008. The UK has been Christian for centuries, but religious expression is being threatened by pluralism. Indeed, the media and public are increasingly marginalizing Christianity. The Church of England (Anglican) is recognized as the Established Church in England. The Church of Scotland (Presbyterian) is recognized in Scotland. Freedom of religion exists.