Turkey is located in the Middle East. 97% of the country (Anatolia) lies in Asia and 3% (Thrace) is in Europe.


Population: 80.2 million
Ethnic Groups: Turkish (70% - 75%), Kurdish (19%), other minorities (7% - 12%)
Languages: Turkish (Official), Kurdish, other minority languages
Religions: Muslim (99.8% - mostly Sunni), Other (0.2%)
Capital: Ankara
CIA: The World Factbook - Last Updated July 13, 2017

Turkish in Toronto

Turkish Population:
In Canada: 63,950
In the GTA: 23,085
In Toronto: 13,345

Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
Richmond Hill, Vaughan, King, Mississauga, and the City of Toronto (North York and Toronto York).

Kurds, which comprise slightly less than one-fifth of Turkey's population, have long struggled for ethnic recognition. Conflicts between Kurds and the government claimed over 30,000 lives since the early 1980s, but the intensity of these conflicts was significantly reduced in 1999. Legal reforms in the early 2000s also improved life for Kurds. The vast majority of the Turkish population is Muslim, but there has been great disagreement between the Islamists and secularists about the role of religion in government and the public sphere. There is freedom of religion, but this is sometimes not upheld (for example, several Christian evangelists who converted from Islam have been legally tried for the crime of "insulting Turkishness").

Settlement Services in the GTA

Canadian Turkish Friendship Community
25 Civic Road
Toronto, ON
M1L 2K9
Phone: 416-447-7878

Turkish Community Heritage Centre of Canada
10520 Yonge Street, 35B/234
Richmond Hill, ON
L4C 3C7
Phone: 416-644-9909

Turkish Society of Canada
5100 Erin Mills Parkway, PO Box 53060
Mississauga, ON
L5M 5H7

Churches in the GTA

The Peoples Church
374 Sheppard Avenue East
Toronto, ON
M2N 3B6
Phone: 416-222-3241

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