Saudi Arabia is located in the Middle East, between the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. The country borders Iraq and Jordan to the north, and Yemen and Oman to the south. Saudi Arabia covers the bulk of what is called the Arabian Peninsula, and its location is the basis for its economy. Saudi Arabia contains about one-quarter of the world's known oil reserves.
Population: 28.1 million
Ethnic Groups: Arab (90%), Afro-Asian (10%)
Languages: Arabic (Official)
Religions: Muslim (Official), Other (Includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh)
CIA: The World Factbook - Last Updated July 11, 2017
Saudi Arabian Population:
In Canada: 6,815
In the GTA: 1,655
In Toronto: 1,120
Saudi Arabia's economy is based on oil and relies massively on foreign labour. The country has made great strides in terms of standard of living as a result of oil wealth. Most families own at least one car, while free healthcare and education are available to all citizens of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is constantly being criticized for its human rights record. Wahhabi Sunnis make up most of Saudi Arabia's population, and Shi'ite Muslims are discriminated against. Since 1991, non-Muslims have not been allowed allowed to practice their religions openly, and Christian Saudis face the death penalty. Expatriate Christians are monitored closely and can also face the death penalty (or lesser penalties, such as imprisonment) if they are found to be meeting in homes as a group of Christians. Strict Islamic laws either prohibit or severely restrict a woman's ability to drive, vote, work, study, testify in court, or even go outside. Women are not allowed to do these things unless they are given permission by a male relative or guardian.