Poland is found in Central Europe. Poland shares borders with Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Lithuania. To the north of Poland is the Baltic Sea, which is important to Poland's fishing industry.


Population: 38 million (2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Polish (96.9%), Silesian (1.1%), German (0.2%), Ukrainian (0.1%), other and unspecified (1.7%)
Languages: Polish (97.8%), others and unspecified (2.2%)
Religions: Roman Catholic (89.8%), Eastern Orthodox (1.3%), Protestant (0.3%), other and unspecified (8.6%)


Polish Population:
In Canada: 984,565
In the GTA: 207,495
In the City of Toronto: 82,035

Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
Milton, Halton Hills, Caledon, Oakville, Mississauga, Vaughan, Richmond Hill, Aurora, City of Toronto (Wards 5 & 6, Ward 12 York South - Weston, Ward 15 Eglinton-Lawrence, Ward 17 Davenport)

Poland became a multiparty democracy in 1989 after years of Communist rule and joined the European Union in 2004. Today, Poland enjoys a higher standard of living than most countries, and life expectancy is around 75.5 years. Poland's relationship with the Catholic Church is much closer now than it was before 1978, when Cardinal Karol Wojtyła became Pope John Paul II, the first Polish pope. Today, the vast majority of Poles identify as Roman Catholic, and Catholicism is a large part of Polish identity.

Map of Services and Churches in the GTA: 

Social and Settlement Services

Polish Heritage in Canada
288 Roncesvalles Avenue
Toronto, ON 
M6R 2M4
Phone: 416-532-2876

Polycultural Immigrant & Community Services (PICS)
17 Four Seasons Place, Suite 102
Toronto, ON 
M9B 6E6
Phone: 416-233-1655

Polish Churches

Polish Baptist Church
2611 Dundas Street West
Toronto, ON 
M6P 1X8


Central Intelligence Agency. (2014, June 20). The World Factbook: Poland. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from

Encyclopedia of the Nations. (n.d.). Poland. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2009, October 15). Cultural Information - Poland. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2011, December 15). Overview - Poland. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from

Mandryk, J. (2010). Operation World: The Definitive Prayer Guide to Every Nation (7th ed.). Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing.

Poles. (2009). In T. L. Gall & J. Hobby (Eds.), Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life (2nd ed., Vol. 5, pp. 384-389). Detroit: Gale. 
Retrieved July 15, 2014, from

Statistics Canada. (2011, April 7). 2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations/Ethnic Origin, Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses and
Sex for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample
. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from