Poland is found in Central Europe. Poland shares borders with Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Lithuania. To the north of Poland is the Baltic Sea, which is important to Poland's fishing industry.
Population: 38.5 million
Ethnic Groups: Polish (96.9%), Silesian (1.1%), German (0.2%), Ukrainian (0.1%), Other and Unspecified (1.7%)
Languages: Polish (98.2%), Silesian (1.4%), Other (1.1%), Unspecified (1.3%)
Religions: Catholic (87.2%), Orthodox (1.3%) (almost all are Polish Autocephalous Orthodox), Protestant (0.4%) (mainly Augsburg Evangelical and Pentacostal), Other (0.4%), Unspecified (10.8%)
CIA: The World Factbook - Last Updated July 11, 2017
In Canada: 1,106,585
In the GTA: 237,245
In Toronto: 114,535
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
Milton, Halton Hills, Caledon, Oakville, Mississauga, Vaughan, Richmond Hill, Aurora, and the City of Toronto (Wards 5 & 6, Ward 12 York South - Weston, Ward 15 Eglinton-Lawrence, Ward 17 Davenport).
Poland became a multiparty democracy in 1989 after years of Communist rule and joined the European Union in 2004. Today, Poland enjoys a higher standard of living than most countries, and life expectancy is around 75.5 years. Poland's relationship with the Catholic Church is much closer now than it was before 1978, when Cardinal Karol Wojtyła became Pope John Paul II, the first Polish pope. Today, the vast majority of Poles identify as Roman Catholic, and Catholicism is a large part of Polish identity.