As the third-largest country in South America, Peru is located on the western coast of South America. Peru shares borders with Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile. It has a coastline on the Pacific Ocean and is an international leader in terms of fish production.
Population: 30.7 million
Ethnic Groups: Amerindian (45%), mestizo (mixed Amerindian and White) (37%), White (15%), Black, Japanese, Chinese, and Other (3%)
Languages: Spanish (Official) (84.1%), Quechua (Official) (13%,) Aymara (Official) (1.7%), Ashaninka (0.3%), Others (0.9%)
Religions: Roman Catholic (81.3%), Evangelical (12.5%), Other (3.3%), Unspecified or None (2.9%)
CIA: The World Factbook - Last Updated July 12, 2017
In Canada: 42,145
In the GTA: 10,655
In Toronto: 4,990
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
King, Uxbridge (South), Vaughan, Brampton, Mississauga, Oakville, Brampton, and the City of Toronto (Wards 1 & 2 Etobicoke North, Ward 7 York West).
Much of Peru's population continues to live in poverty, but economic growth has been strong since 2000. The 1978 constitution guaranteed religious freedom but there is still a bias towards the Catholic Church, which is the state church. However, in recent years, the Catholic Church has been on the decline as members are turning to atheism or evangelicalism. In 1960, there were only 78,000 evangelicals in Peru, but the number increased to 3.4 million by 2010; evangelicals now account for more than one-tenth of the population.