Ireland is located in an island, at the western edge of Europe. The northeastern corner of the island is occupied by Northern Ireland, which belongs to Britain and is separated from the independent republic to its south. Ireland's proximity to the Atlantic Ocean makes its climate mild and its weather humid and often rainy.


Population: 4.7 million (2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Irish (87.4%), other white (7.5%), Asian (1.3%), black (1.1%), mixed (1.1%), unspecified (1.6%)
Languages: English (official), Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official, spoken mainly in areas along the western coast)
Religions: Roman Catholic (87.4%), Church of Ireland (2.9%), other Christian (1.9%), other (2.1%), unspecified (1.5%), none (4.2%)


Irish Population:
In Canada: 4,354,155
In the GTA: 531,865
In the City of Toronto: 201,485

Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
King, Halton Hills, New Market, Aurora, Milton, Oakville, East Gwillimbury, Uxbridge, Caledon, City of Toronto

The south became independent in 1922 (Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom.) Ireland has made great progress in the last generation, but was hit hard by the recent global financial crisis. Much of Ireland's Christian history is due to the missionary work of St. Patrick during the fifth century. The Catholic Church was once very influential in Ireland. For example, divorce was illegal in Ireland until 1997, and Catholic holidays (Good Friday, Easter, and Christmas) are widely celebrated. Marriages usually take place in a church. Although Ireland is still considered very Catholic, the influence of the Catholic Church is declining rapidly.

Map of Services and Churches in the GTA: 

Social and Settlement Services in the GTA

The Durham Irish Association of Canada
PO Box 181
Pickering, ON
L1V 2R4

The Irish Club of Mississauga
4120 Ridgeway Drive, Unit 39
Mississauga, ON
L5L 5R2
Phone: 905-607-8912

Irish Cultural Society of Toronto

Emerald Isle Seniors Society
1190 Danforth Avenue
Toronto, ON
M4J 1M6
Phone: 416-469-5394


Churches in the GTA

The Peoples Church
374 Sheppard Avenue East
Toronto, ON
M2N 3B6
Phone: 416-222-3241


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Mandryk, J. (2010). Operation World: The Definitive Prayer Guide to Every Nation (7th ed.). Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing.

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Statistics Canada. (2011, April 7). 2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations/Ethnic Origin, Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses and
Sex for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample
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