Iraq is found in the Middle East, between Iran and Saudi Arabia. Iraq also shares borders with Turkey, Syria, Jordan, and Kuwait. Iraq's location is the basis for its economy. It has the world's third-largest known oil reserves.
Population: 31.8 million (2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Arab (75%-80%), Kurdish (15%-20%), Turkoman, Assyrian, or other (5%)
Languages: Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen, Assyrian, and Armenian
Religions: Muslim (official) - 97% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other (3%)
IRAQIS IN TORONTO
In Canada: 29,955
In the GTA: 11,925
In the City of Toronto: 3,750
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
Brampton, Mississauga, Vaughan, Richmond Hill, Etobicoke North, Scarborough-Rouge River, Scarborough East, Markham, Aurora, King
Iraq is home to one of the earliest civilizations, known as Mesopotamia in the ancient world. Unfortunately, its modern history has been full of conflict. There was the war with Iran from 1980 to 1988, the 1991 Gulf War, the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein, and the American invasion. The vast majority of people in Iraq are Muslims. Although the Muslim leaders are becoming more progressive, extremist groups have persecuted religious minorities and are advocating for shari'a law. Religious minorities are offered little protection from the government and police. The Iraqi constitution does not deny freedom of religion, but states that no laws can contravene Islam. Therefore, it is difficult for religions other than Islam to exist in Iraq.
BBC News. (2014, June 24). Iraq profile. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from
Central Intelligence Agency. (2014, June 22). The World Factbook: Iraq. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from
Encyclopedia of the Nations. (n.d.). Iraq. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2011, December 15). Overview - Iraq. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from
Iraqis. (2009). In T. L. Gall & J. Hobby (Eds.), Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life (2nd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 390-396). Detroit: Gale.
Retrieved July 14, 2014, from
Mandryk, J. (2010). Operation World: The Definitive Prayer Guide to Every Nation (7th ed.). Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing.
Prayercast. (n.d.). Iraq. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from
Statistics Canada. (2011, April 7). 2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations/Ethnic Origin, Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses and
Sex for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample
Data. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from