Iraq is found in the Middle East, between Iran and Saudi Arabia. Iraq also shares borders with Turkey, Syria, Jordan, and Kuwait. Iraq's location is the basis for its economy. It has the world's third-largest known oil reserves.
Population: 38.1 million
Ethnic Groups: Arab (75% - 80%), Kurdish (15% - 20%), Turkmen, Assyrian, Shabak, Yazidi, Other (5%)
Languages: Arabic (Official), Kurdish (Official), Turkmen, Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian
Religions: Muslim (Official) (99%), Christian (<0.1%), Yazidi (<0.1%), Sabean Mandaean (<0.1%), Baha'i (<0.1%), Zoroastrian (<0.1%), Hindu (<0.1%), Buddhist (<0.1%), Jewish (<0.1%), Folk Religion (<0.1%), Unaffiliated 90.1%), Other (<0.1%)
CIA: The World Factbook - Last Updated July 11, 2017
In Canada: 70,925
In the GTA: 29,045
In Toronto: 10,475
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
Brampton, Mississauga, Vaughan, Richmond Hill, Etobicoke North, Scarborough-Rouge River, Scarborough East, Markham, Aurora, and King City.
Iraq is home to one of the earliest civilizations, known as Mesopotamia in the ancient world. Unfortunately, its modern history has been full of conflict. There was the war with Iran from 1980 to 1988, the 1991 Gulf War, the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein, and the American invasion. The vast majority of people in Iraq are Muslims. Although the Muslim leaders are becoming more progressive, extremist groups have persecuted religious minorities and are advocating for shari'a law. Religious minorities are offered little protection from the government and police. The Iraqi constitution does not deny freedom of religion, but states that no laws can contravene Islam. Therefore, it is difficult for religions other than Islam to exist in Iraq.