Iraq is found in the Middle East, between Iran and Saudi Arabia. Iraq also shares borders with Turkey, Syria, Jordan, and Kuwait. Iraq's location is the basis for its economy. It has the world's third-largest known oil reserves.
Population: 38.1 million
Ethnic Groups: Arab (75% - 80%), Kurdish (15% - 20%), Turkmen, Assyrian, Shabak, Yazidi, Other (5%)
Languages: Arabic (Official), Kurdish (Official), Turkmen, Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian
Religions: Muslim (Official) (99%), Christian (<0.1%), Yazidi (<0.1%), Sabean Mandaean (<0.1%), Baha'i (<0.1%), Zoroastrian (<0.1%), Hindu (<0.1%), Buddhist (<0.1%), Jewish (<0.1%), Folk Religion (<0.1%), Unaffiliated 90.1%), Other (<0.1%)
CIA: The World Factbook - Last Updated July 11, 2017
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Home to one of the earliest civilizations known as Mesopotamia in the ancient world, Iraq is a country that has been filled with conflict in recent history. There was the war with Iran from 1980 to 1988, the 1991 Gulf War, the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein, and the American invasion. The vast majority of people in Iraq are Muslims. Although the Muslim leaders are becoming more progressive, extremist groups have persecuted religious minorities and are advocating for shari'a law. Religious minorities are offered little protection from the government and police. The Iraqi constitution does not deny freedom of religion, but states that no laws can contravene Islam. Therefore, it is difficult for religions other than Islam to exist in Iraq.