Located in the southern part of Asia, India is one of the largest and most heavily populated countries in the world. India borders the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh, Nepal, China, and Pakistan. India has fought with Pakistan over the ownership of the northern regions of Jammu and Kashmir. India also fought with China in 1962 over northeastern parts of Jammu and Kashmir.


Population: 1.2 billion (2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Indo-Aryan (72%), Dravidian (25%), Mongoloid and other (3%)
Languages: English, Hindi (national language), 14 official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Sanskrit. (In India, students must learn 3 languages at school - English, Language of the Province, and Hindi.)
Religions: Hindu (80.5%), Muslim (13.4%), Christian (2.3%), Sikh (1.9%), other (1.8%), unspecified (0.1%)


Indian Population:
In Canada: 962,665
In the GTA: 484,655
In the City of Toronto: 148,775

Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
Scarborough-Rouge River, Etobicoke North, Brampton, Markham, Richmond Hill, Vaughan, southern part of Pickering, Ajax

India is a country of rich diversity. Its 28 Union States and 7 Union Territories are home to over one billion people who belong to more than 2,500 distinct people groups. The caste system includes four major divisions, approximately 4,700 castes, and approximately 25,000 subcastes. The caste system impacts life much more in rural areas than in cities. While caste-based discrimination is illegal, it continues to persist. The constitution provides Indians with full religious freedom. However, some state governments discriminate against religious minorities (for example, some have passed anti-conversion laws that deny state benefits to Christian converts who belong to low castes.) There is a great deal of religious diversity in India, and holidays of all major religious groups are celebrated.

Map of Services and Churches in the GTA: 

Social and Settlement Services

Indian Churches

South Asian Christian Churches Toronto

Manna Christian Fellowship Toronto
2370 Midland Avenue, Unit A35
Scarborough, ON
M1S 5C6
Phone: 647-633-6869
Sunday service in Malayalam: 3:30pm-6:30pm

Hebron Pentecostal Church
312 Rexdale Boulevard
Toronto, ON
M9W 1R6
Phone: 416-743-9435

Gujarati Church of Canada
363 Howden Boulevard
Brampton, ON
L6S 4L6
Phone: 905-450-7500

All Peoples Church
41 Finchgate Boulevard
Brampton, ON
L6T 3H8
Phone: 905-846-7273

Lightbearers of Christ Church International
1 Regan Road
Brampton, ON
L7A 1B8
Phone: 905-450-2074
Sunday service: 3pm, in Urdu, Punjabi, and Hindi


BBC News. (2014, May 16). India profile. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from 

Central Intelligence Agency. (2014, June 22). The World Factbook: India. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from

Encyclopedia of the Nations. (n.d.). India. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from 

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2009, October 15). Cultural Information - India. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from  

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2011, December 15). Overview - India. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from

Mandryk, J. (2010). Operation World: The Definitive Prayer Guide to Every Nation (7th ed.). Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing.

People of India. (2009). In T. L. Gall & J. Hobby (Eds.), Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life (2nd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 360-368).
Detroit: Gale. Retrieved July 14, 2014, fro

Prayercast. (n.d.). India. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from

Statistics Canada. (2011, April 7). 2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations/Ethnic Origin, Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses and
Sex for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample
. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from