Finland is found in northwestern Europe. The country is one of the most northern located countries of the world. Finland shares borders with Norway, Sweden, and Russia. As can be seen in the map below, Finland is close to the Arctic Circle - but actually has a much milder climate than one would expect due to the moderating impact of the Gulf Stream.
Population: 5 million (2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Finn (93.4%), Swede (5.6%), Russian (0.5%), Estonian (0.3%), Roma (Gypsy) (0.1%), Sami (0.1%)
Languages: Finnish (official) (91.2%), Swedish (official) (5.5%), other (3.3%)
Religions: Lutheran Church of Finland (82.5%), Orthodox Church (1.1%), other Christian (1.1%), other (0.1%), none (15.1%)
Finnish In Toronto
In Canada: 131,040
In the GTA: 16,005
In the City of Toronto: 6,515
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
Aurora, Richmond Hill, Whitchurch-Stoufville, Newmarket
Finland was ruled by Sweden for 800 years and then by Russia for another 100 before it finally became independent in 1917. Today, Finland is one of the most peaceful and prosperous countries in the world and enjoys social and political stability. Finland is a member of the European Union. The Evangelical Lutheran and Orthodox Churches are recognized as national churches, but there is freedom of religion. Those who are members of these churches must pay a church tax (up to 2% of personal income); those who are not members are exempt. The two national churches are also responsible for birth, marriage, and death registrations - however, non-members can register at other state agencies. With an overwhelmingly Christian population, it is unsurprising that the Christian holidays of Good Friday, Easter, and most importantly Christmas, are celebrated.
Central Intelligence Agency. (2014, June 22). The World Factbook: Finland. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from
Encyclopedia of the Nations. (n.d.). Finland. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from
Finns. (2009). In T. L. Gall & J. Hobby (Eds.), Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life (2nd ed., Vol. 5, pp. 182-186). Detroit: Gale.
Retrieved July 14, 2014, from
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2009, October 15). Cultural Information - Finland. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2011, Decmeber 15). Overview - Finland. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from
Mandryk, J. (2010). Operation World: The Definitive Prayer Guide to Every Nation (7th ed.). Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing.
Prayercast. (n.d.). Finland. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from
Statistics Canada. (2011, April 7). 2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations/Ethnic Origin, Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses and
Sex for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample
Data. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from