Finland is found in northwestern Europe. The country is one of the most northern located countries of the world. Finland shares borders with Norway, Sweden, and Russia. As can be seen in the map below, Finland is close to the Arctic Circle - but actually has a much milder climate than one would expect due to the moderating impact of the Gulf Stream.

Quick Facts

Population: 5 million (2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Finn (93.4%), Swede (5.6%), Russian (0.5%), Estonian (0.3%), Roma (Gypsy) (0.1%), Sami (0.1%)
Languages: Finnish (official) (91.2%), Swedish (official) (5.5%), other (3.3%)
Religions: Lutheran Church of Finland (82.5%), Orthodox Church (1.1%), other Christian (1.1%), other (0.1%), none (15.1%)

Finnish In Toronto

Finnish Population:
In Canada: 131,040
In the GTA: 16,005
In the City of Toronto: 6,515

Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
Aurora, Richmond Hill, Whitchurch-Stoufville, Newmarket

Finland was ruled by Sweden for 800 years and then by Russia for another 100 before it finally became independent in 1917. Today, Finland is one of the most peaceful and prosperous countries in the world and enjoys social and political stability. Finland is a member of the European Union. The Evangelical Lutheran and Orthodox Churches are recognized as national churches, but there is freedom of religion. Those who are members of these churches must pay a church tax (up to 2% of personal income); those who are not members are exempt. The two national churches are also responsible for birth, marriage, and death registrations - however, non-members can register at other state agencies. With an overwhelmingly Christian population, it is unsurprising that the Christian holidays of Good Friday, Easter, and most importantly Christmas, are celebrated.

Map of Services and Churches in the GTA: 

Social and Settlement Services in the GTA


Finnish-Canadian Society

Churches in the GTA

Agricola Lutheran Church  
25 Old York Mills Road
Toronto, ON
M2P 1B5
Phone: 416-489-7600

Saalem Finnish Pentecostal Church  
2570 Bayview Avenue
Toronto, ON
M2L 1B3
Phone: 416-222-2291


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Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2009, October 15). Cultural Information - Finland. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from 

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2011, Decmeber 15). Overview - Finland. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from

Mandryk, J. (2010). Operation World: The Definitive Prayer Guide to Every Nation (7th ed.). Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing.

Prayercast. (n.d.). Finland. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from 

Statistics Canada. (2011, April 7). 2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations/Ethnic Origin, Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses and
Sex for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample
. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from