Finland is found in northwestern Europe. The country is one of the most northern located countries of the world. Finland shares borders with Norway, Sweden, and Russia. As can be seen in the map below, Finland is close to the Arctic Circle - but actually has a much milder climate than one would expect due to the moderating impact of the Gulf Stream.


Population: 5.4 million
Ethnic Groups: Finn (93.4%), Swede (5.6%), Russian (0.5%), Estonian (0.3%), Romani (0.1%), Sami (0.1%)
Languages: Finnish (Official) (88.3%), Swedish (Official) (5.3%), Russian (1.4%), Other (5%)
Religions: Lutheran (72%), Orthodox (1.1%), Other (1.6%), Unspecified (25.3%),
Capital: Helsinki
CIA: The World Factbook - Last Updated July 11, 2017

Finnish in Toronto

Finnish Population:
In Canada: 143,645
In the GTA: 16,385
In Toronto: 8,160

Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
Aurora, Richmond Hill, Whitchurch-Stouffville, and Newmarket.

Finland was ruled by Sweden for 800 years and then by Russia for another 100 before it finally became independent in 1917. Today, Finland is one of the most peaceful and prosperous countries in the world and enjoys social and political stability. Finland is a member of the European Union. The Evangelical Lutheran and Orthodox Churches are recognized as national churches, but there is freedom of religion. Those who are members of these churches must pay a church tax (up to 2% of personal income); those who are not members are exempt. The two national churches are also responsible for birth, marriage, and death registrations - however, non-members can register at other state agencies. With an overwhelmingly Christian population, it is unsurprising that the Christian holidays of Good Friday, Easter, and most importantly Christmas, are celebrated.

Settlement Services in the GTA

Finnish-Canadian Society

Churches in the GTA

Agricola Lutheran Church 
25 Old York Mills Road
Toronto, ON
M2P 1B5
Phone: 416-489-7600

Saalem Finnish Pentecostal Church  
2570 Bayview Avenue
Toronto, ON
M2L 1B3
Phone: 416-222-2291

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