Ethiopia is found in eastern Africa, in the area known as 'the Horn of Africa'. Ethiopia shares borders with Sudan, Kenya, Somalia, Djibouti, and Eritrea.
Population: 93.8 million (2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Oromo (34.5%), Amhara (26.9%), Somali (6.2%), Tigray (6.1%), Sidama (4%), Gurage (2.5%), Welaita (2.3%), Hadiya (1.7%), Afar (1.7%), Gamo (1.5%,) Gedeo (1.3%), other (11.3%)
Languages: Oromo (official regional) (33.8%), Amharic (official) (29.3%), Somali (6.2%), Tigrayan (official regional) (5.9%), Sidamo (4%), Wolaytta (2.2%), Guragiegna (2%), Afar (1.7%), Hadiyya (1.7%), Gamo (1.5%), other (11.7%), English (official) (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (official)
Religions: Ethiopian Orthodox (43.5%), Muslim (33.9%), Protestant (18.6%), traditional (2.6%), Catholic (0.7%), other (0.7%)
Ethiopians In Toronto
In Canada: 23,400
In the GTA: 10,635
In the City of Toronto: 6,505
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
Markham, Vaughan, City of Toronto
As the oldest independent country in Africa, Ethiopia served an important role for African independence during the colonial period. Christianity has a long history in Ethiopia. It was introduced in the fourth century and was the state religion from 1270 until the Marxist revolution in 1974. Churches, especially evangelical churches, were severely persecuted under the communist regime. However, when the Marxist regime collapsed in 1991, Ethiopia regained its religious freedom. Today, there are over 80 different religions being practiced in Ethiopia. The main three categories of religion in Ethiopia are Christianity, Islam, and indigenous religions.
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