Chile is located in the southwestern part of South America. Chile has its long western coastline on the Pacific Ocean, sharing its northern border with Peru and its eastern border with Bolivia and Argentina. Because Chile has such a long coastline, there are dozens of port facilities. Most of Chile's exports and international trade are done through the ports.
Population: 17 million (2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups: White and white-Amerindian (95.4%), Mapuche (4%), other indigenous groups ( 0.6%)
Languages: Spanish (official), Mapudungun, German, English
Religions: Roman Catholic (70%), Evangelical (15.1%), Jehovah's Witnesses (1.1%), other Christian (1%), other (4.6%), none (8.3%)
Chileans In Toronto
In Canada: 38,180
In the GTA: 9,640
In the City of Toronto: 4,240
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
Mississauga, Brampton, Vaughan, East Gwillimbury, City of Toronto
Chile began progressing from dictatorship to democracy when the military regime was ousted in 1988. Since then, many Chileans have been pulled out of poverty (almost 40% of the population lived in poverty in 1990, compared to 14% in 2007.) The Catholic Church, which was disestablished in 1925, continues to have a strong influence in society. Baptism and First Communion are considered by many to be major life events, and marriages often include a church ceremony. There is religious freedom for all religions.
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