Bosnia & Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in southeastern Europe, in the Balkan Peninsula. The country shares borders with Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro. Since Bosnia and Herzegovina lies on a tectonic fault line, it occasionally suffers from destructive earthquakes.

Quick Facts

Population:3.8 million (2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Bosniak (48%), Serb (37.1%), Croat (14.3%), other (0.6%)
Languages: Bosnian (official), Croatian (official), Serbian (official)
Religions: Muslim (40%), Orthodox (31%), Roman Catholic (15%), other (14%)

Bosnians In Toronto

Bosnian Population:
In Canada: 21,045
In the GTA: 4,970
In the City of Toronto: 1,660

Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
King, Mississauga

The three main ethnic groups are Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats. A three-way war between these groups resulted in a high number of casualties and massive damage. Millions of people were displaced by the time the war ended in 1995. There was no winner. The post-war recovery has been slow.Traditionally, Bosniaks are Muslim, Serbs are Eastern Orthodox, and Croats are Roman Catholics. Religion plays a large role in each group's identity. Islam in Bosnia and Herzegovina is of the tolerant form - fundamentalism has been discouraged by the government and the religious communities. The Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic religions are similar, but the Eastern Orthodox Church is less hierarchical (for example, it has no pope, and priests are elected as opposed to appointed).

Map of Services and Churches in the GTA: 

Social and Settlement Services in the GTA


Settlement.Org

Churches in the GTA

The Peoples Church
374 Sheppard Avenue East
Toronto, ON
M2N 3B6
Phone: 416-222-3241

References: 

Bosnians. (2009). In T. L. Gall & J. Hobby (Eds.), Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life (2nd ed., Vol. 5, pp. 81-86). Detroit: Gale.
Retrieved July 10, 2014, from
http://go.galegroup.com/ps/

Central Intelligence Agency. (2014, June 23). The World Factbook: Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved July 8, 2014, from
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bk.html

Encyclopedia of the Nations. (n.d.). Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved July 8, 2014, from
http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/geography/Afghanistan-to-Comoros/Bosnia-and-Herzegovina.html

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2009, October 15). Cultural Information - Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved July 8, 2014, from
http://www.intercultures.ca/cil-cai/ci-ic-eng.asp?iso=ba#cn-2 

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2011, December 15). Overview - Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved July 8, 2014, from
http://www.intercultures.ca/cil-cai/overview-apercu-eng.asp?iso=ba

Mandryk, J. (2010). Operation World: The Definitive Prayer Guide to Every Nation (7th ed.). Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing.

Prayercast. (n.d.). Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved July 8, 2014, from
http://prayercast.com/bosnia-and-herzegovina.html 

Statistics Canada. (2011, April 7). 2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations/Ethnic Origin, Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses and
Sex for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample
Data
. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/