Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in southeastern Europe, in the Balkan Peninsula. The country shares borders with Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro. Since Bosnia and Herzegovina lies on a tectonic fault line, it occasionally suffers from destructive earthquakes.
Population: 3.8 million
Ethnic Groups: Bosniak (48%), Serb (37.1%), Croat (14.3%), Other (0.6%)
Languages: Bosnian (Official), Croatian (Official), Serbian (Official)
Religions: Muslim (40%), Orthodox (31%), Roman Catholic (15%), Other (14%)
CIA: The World Factbook - Last Updated June 21, 2017
In Canada: 21,045
In the GTA: 4,970
In the City of Toronto: 1,660
Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
King City and Mississauga.
The three main ethnic groups are Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats. A three-way war between these groups resulted in a high number of casualties and massive damage. Millions of people were displaced by the time the war ended in 1995. There was no winner. The post-war recovery has been slow.Traditionally, Bosniaks are Muslim, Serbs are Eastern Orthodox, and Croats are Roman Catholics. Religion plays a large role in each group's identity. Islam in Bosnia and Herzegovina is of the tolerant form - fundamentalism has been discouraged by the government and the religious communities. The Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic religions are similar, but the Eastern Orthodox Church is less hierarchical (for example, it has no pope, and priests are elected as opposed to appointed).