Afghanistan is located in south-central Asia. Afghanistan is a landlocked nation and shares borders with six different countries: Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and China. Because of Afghanistan's strategic location at an intersection of trade routes, its territory has been fought over many times in the past.


Population: 33.3 million
Ethnic Groups: Pashtun (42%), Tajik (27%), Hazara (9%), Uzbek (9%), Aimak (4%), Turkmen (3%), Baloch (2%), Other (4%)
Languages: Dari (50%), Pashto (35%), Turkic languages (mainly Uzbek and Turkmen) (11%), Others (4%)
Religions: Islam (99.7% - Sunni Islam (84.7% - 89.7%), Shia Islam (10% - 15%)), Other (0.3%)
Capital: Kabul
CIA: The World Factbook - Last Updated June 30, 2017

Afghans in Toronto

Afghan Population:
In Canada: 83,995
In the GTA: 41,735
In Toronto: 20,195

Primary Areas of Settlement in the GTA (Social Atlas):
Brampton, Vaughan, Markham, Richmond Hill, Aurora, and City of Toronto (Ward 42 Scarborough-Rouge River, Ward 43 Scarborough East).

Afghanistan has long been an area with conflict. Foreign empires have fought over the land for thousands of years. More recently, Afghanistan has been afflicted by decades of war. When the Taliban had taken over, they imposed a strict form of Islam which was particularly harsh on the female population. The Taliban continued operating when American-led forces invaded Afghanistan after 9/11, but became less strict with regards to acceptable interpretations of Islam. The Taliban lost power in 2001, but the relative peace that this brought was only temporary. Warfare and the oppression of women continue to be major social problems in Afghanistan.

Settlement Services in the GTA

Afghan Association of Ontario
130 Bridgeland Avenue, Suite 202
Toronto, ON M6A 1Z4
Phone: 416-744-9289

Afghan Women's Organization
789 Don Mills Road, Suite 700
Toronto, ON M3C 1T5
Phone: 416-588-3585
Programs available in:
    - Mississauga
    - North York
    - Scarborough

Churches in the GTA

Afghan Church of Toronto

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